Track (Video): Coaching Cue For Better Arm Drive When Running
Driving the Arms Directly Back Can Cause the Shoulder to Scrunch- Upward
Driving the Arms Directly Back Can Cause the Shoulder to Scrunch- Upward

Track (Video): Coaching Cue For Better Arm Drive When Running

Dick Moss, Editor, PE Update.com

When performing the arm action in running, the focus should be on a backward movement of the elbows, not on driving the arms of forward.

Why? Because the backward movement of the elbows is synchronized with the backward impulsion of the opposite leg as it drives against the ground.

Common Error
However, many runners make the mistake of driving their arms directly backward. This can cause the shoulders to scrunch upwards and tighten, making it more difficult to move the arms because of the resistance provided by the tightened muscles.

Driving the Arms DOWN, then Back Allows the Shoulders to Stay Low & Relaxed
Driving the Arms DOWN, then Back Allows the Shoulders to Stay Low & Relaxed
That high shoulder position also restricts the backward range of motion of the arms.

Here's a coaching select to undo that will help your runners produce a powerful backward arm drive, while also keeping the shoulders low and relaxed.

Coaching Cue
Instead of instructing your runners to drive their elbows back, have them drive their arms down, then back.

This initial downward movement of the elbow will lower the shoulders, provide additional range of motion in that backward movement, and keep the shoulders relaxed instead of bunched up. The result will be a smooth, relaxed, efficient movement of the arms.

Dick Moss, Editor, PE Update.com  (Dick Moss is the head coach of the Laurentian University Women's track team.



To see a demonstration of the
"Down then Back" coaching cue, watch the video below:


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