Volleyball: Keep the Outside Foot Back When Setting https://www.physicaleducationupdate.com/public/1049print.cfm
Setting With The Inside Leg Back Results in a Hard-to-Spike Ball-Drift Away 
from the Net
Setting With The Inside Leg Back Results in a Hard-to-Spike Ball-Drift Away from the Net

Volleyball: Keep the Outside Foot Back When Setting

Dick Moss, Editor

Good setters initiate their set by pushing off the back foot and stepping in the direction of the target. This shift of body weight involves the strong muscles of the legs, which increases power and reduces the strength required of the arms.

But is there an optimal way to position the legs when performing the set?

Optimal Back Leg
Actually, there is.  If the outside leg (i.e. the leg farthest from the net) is back, the set will tend to drift towards the net, making it easier for the spiker to hit.

Better Technique: Setting With The Outside (Left) Leg Back Results in Ball-Drift Towards the Net and an Easier Spike
Better Technique: Setting With The Outside (Left) Leg Back Results in Ball-Drift Towards the Net and an Easier Spike

This drift occurs because, when the step occurs, the body weight shifts not only from front to back but also from outside to inside. That is, when setting with the left leg back, there is a slight lateral weight shift to the right when the step onto the right foot occurs. This happens because the two legs are attached side-by-side, not directly in front of each other.

It is this slight left-to-right movement that imparts the left-to-right drift to the ball.

References:
1. Doug Beal, “Setter training.” Coaching Volleyball: The Basic Elements of the Game, Kinda Asher, Editor, Masters Press, 1995.
2. Jim Bertoli, Volleyball Skills and Drills [Kindle Edition], Wish Publishing, Amazon Digital Services, Inc., 2012.


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